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“I never took history seriously. I thought – it’s in the past, why should I care? But I can honestly say that you have sparked a light of passion in me for what happened in the past.” –Student Audience Member
Andreas Michael Goldner was born in Zurich, Switzerland in 1934. His parents were both physicians and had lost their positions. They thought Switzerland would be safe place however shortly after Andreas was born the Swiss closed the borders to German Jews and actually pressured the German government to place a large “J" on any passport given to Jews. They were expelled from Switzerland and had to return to Germany.
Anneke Bloomfield was born on April 19th, 1935, in The Hague, The Netherlands. Her father worked for Shell Oil Company, while her mother was a retired schoolteacher. Anneke had three brothers and a sister, and they lived in a Jewish neighborhood until Anneke’s father decided that they should move to a townhouse, as tensions towards Jews started to increase. They also started attending a new church and a Christian school, leading those around them to believe they were Christian.
David Fuks has been an active member of Portland’s Jewish community for more than forty years. David is the son of two Holocaust survivors. His father, Henry, was in the Lodz ghetto and spent five years in Buchenwald. His mother, Rachel, was taken from her home in Poland and was in Oberalstad, a slave labor camp near Prague.
Eline Hoekstra Dresden was born the youngest of four Jewish children in 1923 in The Hague, The Netherlands; two years later her family moved to Utrecht, The Netherlands. It was apparent to Eline’s family that some parts of Europe were no longer safe for Jews as soon as the beginning of the Second World War in 1939, and they took in two Jewish refugee children whose parents had sent them away from Germany for safekeeping among strangers.
Debbi Montrose, daughter of Holocaust survivors, will share the story of her mother’s odyssey from a Romanian village to the death camps of Auschwitz-Birkenau and Bergen-Belsen, her liberation in 1945, and her eventual journey to Portland, Oregon. Debbi’s mother, Alice Koppel Kern, was the first Portland-area survivor to envision what was to become the Oregon Holocaust Memorial in Washington Park.
Evelyn Banko was born in Vienna, Austria in 1936. When she was two years old, the Nazis seized Austria. Now under Nazi control, Austria became a dangerous place for Evelyn’s Jewish family to live. The Nazis made her father scrub the sidewalks as a form of humiliation and it became increasingly difficult for the family to carry on its day-to-day activities due to anti-Jewish laws.
Jeannie Smith is the daughter of Polish rescuer Irene Gut OpDyke who passed away on May 18, 2003. Irene received international recognition for her actions during the Holocaust while working for a high-ranking German official. Irene’s life story was recently told each night on Broadway in the nationally acclaimed play “Irena’s Vow” staring Tovah Feldshuh.
Irene’s book – “In My Hands” – memories of a Holocaust rescuer from Random House relays the detailed account of her life during the Second World War and is used in classrooms around the country.
Peter Wigmore was born in 1950 in Melbourne, Australia. His mother, Rosa, was born in 1923 and survived the Holocaust. Rosa grew up in the small village of Ulic, Czechoslovakia--now located on the far eastern border of the Slovak Republic. Her early childhood was typical and her family was well-off, as her father was the manager of a local lumber mill. Devastatingly, Rosa’s father died of tuberculosis at a young age in July 1939. This caused the family to lose their sense of direction and had to rely on support from other family members and the local Jewish community.
Rosalyn Kliot was born in April of 1945 in Lodz, Poland, after her parents’ courageous escape from the Klooga concentration camp in Estonia.
Rosalyn’s parents were both originally from Vilna, a city that has been claimed by both Poland and Lithuania throughout history. Rosalyn’s parents grew up when Vilna was part of Poland. Rosalyn’s father, Leon, and her mother, Vera, were both involved in Jewish sports and community groups in Vilna. When Leon was a young adult, he owned his own hardware business, was married, and had a young child.
Ruth Bolliger was born in March 1938 in Czechoslovakia. Just seven days prior to her birth, the Nazis invaded Austria, where Ruth’s extended family lived. Her grandfather had received a Nobel Prize just years earlier, and the high standing of Ruth’s family made them a target: those living in Austria were imprisoned that evening. However her extended family’s connections eventually helped her immediate family escape to the U.S.
Ruth Kohn was born in 1933 in what was then a democratic Vienna, Austria. She witnessed the annexation of Austria to Germany. The Nuremburg laws were implemented almost immediately, which meant that Jews were stripped of their citizenship and were considered racially inferior and undesirable. Ruth was also witness to the aftermath of the November Pogroms, Kristallnacht, and recollects the shock of having her father being arrested and deported to Dachau. After two years of enduring the daily terror, Ruth and her mother received an affidavit from an American cousin and they were able to escape. Her father escaped to Sweden and they were reunited in Portland, Oregon in 1940. The rest of the family (grandmother, aunts, uncles, cousins) were murdered in concentration camps.
Born Franz Wolfsohn in Breslau, Germany. Frank was imprisoned at the Buchenwald concen-tration camp as a young man. There he was a slave laborer in the quarries, survived near-starvation, and witnessed many horrors. He was released, although uncertain why, and given three days to leave Germany, without a visa. He knew he would be put back in the camp or killed if he were to be caught, and so sneaked over the border into Belgium, leaving almost eve-rything behind. Frank immigrated to the United States found work in the Kaiser shipyards in Portland, Oregon, then enlisted in the Armed Forces after he became a U. S. citizen. He was assigned to a unit that liberated Buchenwald.
Speakers Bureau Emeriti
The speakers below are not currently accepting speaking engagements. The Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education is grateful for their continued advisory participation and honors their legacies, as they have shared their stories with hundreds of thousands of listeners since the founding of the Speakers’ Bureau.
Eva was born in 1937 in the small town of Kosice, Czechoslovakia. The first two years of her life went smoothly until her father’s business license was revoked because he was Jewish. It grew increasingly difficult for him to find employment, and soon the family moved to Budapest, Hungary to join other family members.
Leslie was born in 1929 in Czechoslovakia. In the early 1940s his family moved to Budapest in the hope of escaping oppressive Nazi discrimination against Jews. In 1943 the Nazis forced Leslie’s father into a slave labor camp and his sixteen-year-old sister was taken to a factory to do forced labor.
In 1944 Leslie, his mother, and his eight-year-old sister were taken from their home to the Budapest Ghetto. From there they were taken to Auschwitz, where his mother and sister were sent directly to the gas chambers.
October 21, 1929 - April 2, 2018
Miriam Kominkowska was born in 1929 in Sompolno, Poland, where her father’s family had lived for generations. As a young girl, Miriam’s family moved through the Polish cities of Radziejow, Aleksandrow, and Lubranieć, where they were living when the Nazis invaded in 1939. Soon after the invasion the Nazis imposed harsh laws on all Jews. They were forced to wear yellow stars sewn onto their clothing. Miriam was forbidden from attending school. Soon the Nazis confiscated her father’s lumber business and the family was forced to live on the meager rations allotted to them.