Marianne Rossen (b. 1921)

Marianne Rossen was born on February 18, 1921 in Berlin, Germany. Her father owned and operated a bank, allowing her family to live a very comfortable life in the city. Marianne attended public school until 1937 when all Jewish students were expelled. She was 16. 

Soon thereafter, he fathers bank was seized by the Nazis, and her parents made swift arrangements to get Marianne out of Germany. In 1939 they sent her to London to be an au pair. 

Homesickness motivated Marianne to arrange a visit back to Berlin in the spring of 1939. After some difficulties securing the necessary papers, she was able to travel to Berlin in June of that same year and see her parents one last time. 

Marianne was back in London when war was declared in September 1939, and soon thereafter she and all other German nationals were gathered for tribunals and eventual internment as enemy aliens. She was sent first to Holloway, a high security prison for women in southern England; she would remain there from November 1939 to June 1940, at which time she was transferred to the Isle of Man. 

In February of 1942, the English military arrived at the Isle of Man and offered immediate release to anyone who would volunteer for the English army. Marianne was among the first to volunteer. She served as a clerk from April 1942 until early 1945 when she enrolled in interpreter school. She finished just as the war was ending, though she was still sent to Berlin with the army as an interpreter to aid in post war efforts.

By 1946 she had earned enough points to be discharged from the English army; she immediately joined the American army. Still an interpreter, they put her to work in the criminal investigation department translating German letters into English. It was while working for the CID that she met her husband. Marianne immigrated to United States in 1948.